This is Phase II of a project focused on creating safe pedestrian transport infrastructure and policies in urban areas in India and South Africa. The project is being done in collaboration with the Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme (TRIPP) at IIT Delhi, and the Centre for Transport Studies at the University of Cape Town in South Africa. Funding for this work is being proivided by the Volvo Research and Education Foundations (VREF).
Pedestrians in India and South Africa face high road safety risks, due to a lack of infrastructure and a disrespect for human life. Phase I of this project resulted in development of pedestrian accessibility assessment tools (including a smart phone app). This app has been used in Cape Town and Delhi around selected bus stops. The quality of nearly 400 bus stops has been documented by extensive safety audits and surveys of user perceptions. This work resulted in some very useful policy interventions for improving pedestrian access to bus stops in Delhi. Review of current city, state and central level legislation shows lack of explicit legislations favouring pedestrian safety. However, courts have been using other important articles in the constitution to accord high priority to pedestrian safety. An initial draft of model legislation at city and state level was drafted to ensure pedestrian safe infrastructure in cities.
For Phase II of the project, the project team is working in Delhi, Cape Town and Kampala to compare accessibility of formal bus stops with newly collected data on informal public transport stops, as well as use the tools to assess accessibility to public spaces and use the results to develop insights for creating safe walking infrastructure/environment to public transport. Phase II research includes analyses of municipal level rules, statutes and policy which may be used to enhance the safety of non-motorized users front and center. The expected output of the project are:
I. PTA-W (Public Transport Accessibility /Walkbility) Tool Kit including IPT
II. City level strategies for improving safety around IPT and PT stops
III. Input to Motor Vehicles Act for establishing safety standards for motorized two- and three-wheelers